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Chortkiv (Ukrainian: Чортків; Polish: Czortków; Yiddish: טשאָרטקאָווChortkov) is a city in Ternopil Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Chortkiv Raion (district), housing the district's local administration buildings. Chortkiv is located in the northern part of the historic region of Galician Podolia on the banks of the Seret River. Its population was 28,855 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census. Due to heavy destruction of Ternopil, in 1944 Chortkiv served as a regional seat.

In the past Chortkiv was the home of many Hasidic Jews; it was a notable shtetl and had a significant number of Jews residing there prior to the Holocaust. Today, Chortkiv is a regional commercial and small-scale manufacturing center. Among its architectural monuments is a fortress built in the 16th and 17th centuries as well as historic wooden churches of the 17th and 18th centuries.

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