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Roman Forum
Things to see at Roman Forum:
A bucket list of the top sights at Roman Forum, ordered by popularity.
1. Altare della Patria
2. Piazza del Campidoglio
3. Forum
4. Via dei Fori Imperiali
5. Teatro di Marcello
6. Foro Traiano
7. Trajan's Market
8. Trajan's Forum
9. Marcus Aurelius
10. Mercati di Traiano
11. Santa Maria in Aracoeli
12. Temple of Antoninus and Faustina
13. Temple of Vesta
14. Temple of Saturn
15. Foro
16. Temple of Castor and Pollux
17. Arco di Settimio Severo
18. San Nicola in Carcere
19. Arch of Septimius Severus
20. Romulus and Remus
21. Fori Romani
22. Tempio di Saturno
23. Tempio di Antonino e Faustina
24. Ruins
25. San Giorgio al Velabro
26. Foro di Augusto
27. Domus Augustana
28. Lupa Capitolina
29. Santi Luca e Martina
30. Forum Behind in the Background
31. Old Rome
32. Foro di Cesare
33. S.P.Q.R.
34. Tempio di Apollo Sosiano
35. Curia
36. Arco di Giano
37. Fori
38. Cordonata
39. Rovine
40. She-Wolf
41. Forum of Augustus
42. The Dying Gaul
43. Lupa
44. Stadium
45. Curia Julia
46. Tabularium
47. Caesar
48. Imperial Palace
49. Ave
50. Forum Ruins
51. Medusa
52. Arch of Janus
53. Cola di Rienzo
54. Palazzo Nuovo
55. Domus Flavia
56. Forum of Nerva
57. Roma antica
58. Kapitol
59. Big Foot
60. The Nile
61. Foro Piscario
62. Piazza Margana
63. Via di San Teodoro
64. Mamertine Prison
65. Atrium Vestae
66. Via Baccina
67. Santa Maria della Consolazione
68. Casa di Livia
69. Casa delle Vestali
70. Theatrum Marcelli
71. Rome Day 3 037

The Roman Forum (Latin: Forum Romanum, Italian: Foro Romano) is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as the Forum Magnum, or simply the Forum.

It was for centuries the center of Roman public life: the site of triumphal processions and elections; the venue for public speeches, criminal trials, and gladiatorial matches; and the nucleus of commercial affairs. Here statues and monuments commemorated the city's great men. The teeming heart of ancient Rome, it has been called the most celebrated meeting place in the world, and in all history. Located in the small valley between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, the Forum today is a sprawling ruin of architectural fragments and intermittent archaeological excavations attracting 4.5 million sightseers yearly.

Many of the oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located on or near the Forum. The Roman kingdom's earliest shrines and temples were located on the southeastern edge. These included the ancient former royal residence, the Regia (8th century BC), and the Temple of Vesta (7th century BC), as well as the surrounding complex of the Vestal Virgins, all of which were rebuilt after the rise of imperial Rome.

Other archaic shrines to the northwest, such as the Umbilicus Urbis and the Vulcanal (Shrine of Vulcan), developed into the Republic's formal Comitium (assembly area). This is where the Senate—as well as Republican government itself—began. The Senate House, government offices, tribunals, temples, memorials and statues gradually cluttered the area.

Over time the archaic Comitium was replaced by the larger adjacent Forum and the focus of judicial activity moved to the new Basilica Aemilia (179 BC). Some 130 years later, Julius Caesar built the Basilica Julia, along with the new Curia Julia, refocusing both the judicial offices and the Senate itself. This new Forum, in what proved to be its final form, then served as a revitalized city square where the people of Rome could gather for commercial, political, judicial and religious pursuits in ever greater numbers.

Eventually much economic and judicial business would transfer away from the Forum Romanum to the larger and more extravagant structures (Trajan's Forum and the Basilica Ulpia) to the north. The reign of Constantine the Great saw the construction of the last major expansion of the Forum complex—the Basilica of Maxentius (312 AD). This returned the political center to the Forum until the fall of the Western Roman Empire almost two centuries later.

Visitors 1197
Oldest photo 08/16/2001
Newest photo 04/12/2016
Alternative titles "Foro Romano"
"Forum Romanum"
"The Roman Forum"
"Foro romano"
"Roman forum"
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