Aliano is a town and comune in the province of Matera and is located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) from Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Aliano is probably most famous for being the inspiration for the fictional town of Gagliano in Carlo Levi's book Christ Stopped at Eboli (Italian: Cristo si è fermato a Eboli). Published in 1945, it gives giving an account of his exile in 1935–36 in Aliano.
Like many towns in rural Italy it has suffered from migration to the cities and overseas where employment opportunities are better.(Wikipedia)